Showing posts with label NYSE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label NYSE. Show all posts

Sunday, 13 December 2015

US: The possibility of a rate hike

At this moment, the financial world couldn't have paid more attention to the next FOMC meeting on 15-16 Dec than any other thing.

Having kept the interest rate at 0.25% since Dec 2008, you always read news reporting the possibility of a rate hike in the US interest rate. This type of news is even more frequent this year, but there was no rate hike then.

In theory, a rate hike would be detrimental to the stock market. Therefore, whenever the stock market drops "considerably" in one day, the possibility of a rate hike will be the culprit. This is the case for last Friday when the US market once again bore the brunt and dropped sharply. Dow Jones and NASDAQ plunged 1.76% and 2.21% respectively while the Brent and WTI crude oil prices have slumped 4.53% and 3.10% respectively to a new low.

This causes a great pessimism in the market sentiment. People say that the market is going to crash after the rate hike. Yes, it does sound scary. But really? I mean, since when does a stock market crash become predictable? Let alone that the possibility of a rate hike has been rumouring in the market for months if not years such that the news would have been absorbed by investors and the effect would have been reflected in the current market.

Thinking from a different direction: would it be that there is no rate hike in the coming meeting, or that the rate hike is smaller than expected, such that the market is going the opposite direction as to what the public expects? Isn't this the way how the stock market works?

Saturday, 16 May 2015

NYSE & NASDAQ: what are GAAP and non-GAAP profits?

As a newbie in the US stock market, a first sight at a financial report will often baffle at "GAAP profit" and "non-GAAP profit". What are they?

To start with, Yahoo finance offers a very convenient avenue of looking at the earning release of listed companies in the US. The date and time of the release of the fiscal report are clearly stated (as opposed to KLSE in which you really don't know when will it be released but within 2 months from the quarter end).

For example, this is the Q1 earning of TESLA (NASDAQ: TSLA). 8-K form is the name of form that contains financial results.

TESLA 2015 Q1 Earnings

GAAP stands for Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. It is the standard norms of how companies should present their earnings in NYSE and NASDAQ. In a simple way, what we see on the balance sheet is based on the GAAP profit, i.e. the common way of reporting profit.

However, a company may write-down an asset or restructure its organisation. These actions usually come with large one-time cost that may not be truly reflected in the GAAP profit. As such, a company will also provide “adjusted” earning figures that excludes these nonrecurring items. These effect, usually is one-off, will be regarded in the non-GAAP profit. And because of this, I personally think that it will more accurately reflects the company's performance.

The balance sheet of TESLA:



We see that a GAAP net loss -$ 154 M or $-1.22/share was incurred according to the conventional way of account reporting. After considering compensation expense, non-cash interest expense and deferred profit, its actual net loss is only -$ 45 M or $ 0.36/share, which is significantly less than the GAAP standard way of reporting.

The above exemplifies the use of non-GAAP reporting to account for a more accurate earning which truly reflects the company's performance. There are good and bad with both measures of reporting in the sense that the report could be manipulated to favour the desired outcome. Which one to look at is then completely up to your discretion.

Tuesday, 28 April 2015

NASDAQ: Amazon soars after earning release

I fail to fathom the US stock market. Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN) was trading at USD 445 (24-4-2015), jumped from USD 390 on the day preceding the earning release. The "dumbfounding" thing is, the net profit of the latest fiscal report is a net loss of USD 57M / EPS of USD -0.12 (compared with a net gain of USD 108M / EPS of USD 0.23).

Yes, of course you cannot look at net profit alone in isolation from other figures. The revenue jumped 49% to USD 1.6B. The operating cash flow also increased significantly. The main reason for this is reported to be due to the outperforming cloud services and strong retail sales.

Having bought something from them once, I am very impressed by Amazon. The item is of great value, even after including the "international shipping" (which is really not much) and the weakening Australian Dollar. 50% discount is very common. For example, PNY Turbo 128GB USB 3.0 Flash Drive is now selling at USD 40 shipped to Australia. This is equivalent to  AUD 51.2 (based on the current rate of 1 USD: 1.28 AUD). The cheapest you could find on Ebay is AUD 68. The example goes on and on, and applies for all sorts of items.

Amazon has invested a lot to provide all kinds of new services, with a hope that in years to come, they will gain the "market share" and what they have invested in will pay back in avalanche.

According to the earning forecast, even in year 2018 the EPS would only be USD 8.29, i.e. the PE is still sky high. Perhaps this is something you can only find in a "matured" market, that considering really long term growth of a company, Amazon worths to trade at this price. This is something you cannot find in KLSE, and this excites me to involve in NYSE and NASDAQ, a market that really requires a sharp investing insight.

Sunday, 1 February 2015

NASDAQ: Is Apple expensive?

When Iphone 5s/5c was released in 2H 2013, I thought that the sales would go down as there wasn't any  "jaw-dropping" innovative features. The market proves me wrong.

In 2014, 169.22M of Iphone was sold as compared to 150.25M in 2013, a 12.6% increase, according to the global Apple Iphone sales. Note that Apple (NASDAQ: AAPL) has a financial year ends 27 Sep, such that the sales of Iphone from Oct-Dec 2013 will be reflected in Q1 2014. In fact, the sales is breaking record quarter-to-quarter if compared with the preceding year. I was terribly wrong about the trend.

So I observe the way how Apple fans stick to Apple products:  the joy and excitement of having it, the honour of using it, the sense of playing with it and the pride of owning Apple products. Last year, Iphone 6/6+ was released. While the most prominent difference with previous releases is a larger screen, which has no surprise, this time I stand on a view that Iphone 6 will create a record sales as well.

On 27 Jan, AAPL released its latest financial quarter report. 74.5M of Iphone sold in Q1 2015 as compared to 51M in Q1 2014. This is an incredible result. A record EPS of 3.06 with record profit.  2014 full year EPS of $7.36, with a current price of $117.16, this is equivalent to a PE of 15.9.

Now, the question is, is AAPL expensive? Let's look at some technology stocks:

Name    Stock Code    PE
Google    GOOL       28.1
Facebook  FB         69.13
Avago     AVGO       104.13
Amazon    AMZN       Negative EPS, Stock price stood at $354.53!

You can see how "insane" is US market. A stock trading at PE 100 is not unusual. Is AAPL really expensive at a price of $117.16? Of course, I am not suggesting to buy with expectation of AAPL to reach a PE of 100, but if you are confident that AAPL will still grow, then it may look attractive at the current price.

In 2012, my lecturer once said something wise:

20 years ago you can eat apple. But can you eat Apple now?

20 years ago, nobody will ever think that Apple is inedible. Nowadays, when the very same noun is being mentioned, how often it means Apple, and how often will people will think of apple? The answer is obvious, isn't it?

Tuesday, 1 July 2014

NYSE&NASDAQ: What is after hours trading?

When you browse for quotes for stocks in US markets, you will see something like this:

after hours trading
(Picture print-screened from the The Wall Street Journal)

The price above is the usual closed price. The price below is the so-called after hours trading price. So what is after hours trading? While this may seems common in US, it is not the case, at least in KLSE.

US market trading hours are below:
(All times are in Eastern Time (ET). Eastern time refers to the time zone in the eastern part of US, not the time zone for eastern countries in the globe, e.g. Japan.)

1. Pre-Market Trading Hours: 4:00 a.m. to 9:30 a.m.

2. Trading time: 9:30 - 4:00 p.m. (Unlike KLSE which has a break time of 2 hours in the afternoon, no break in US markets. Break time even in market trading, what a Malaysian pattern? )

3. After hours trading: 4:00 - 8:00 p.m.

We see that apart from the normal trading hours, there is also a pre-market and after hours tradings, which are also known as extended hours trading.

The reason for this is for investors to trade outside normal trading hours (nonsense?).  This is because a lot of companies make announcement, e.g. quarterly report, corporate news before market open or after market closed.

For example, Chicago Board Options Exchange ( CBOE ) plans to  list options for  GoPro, Inc. (GPRO). (NB: This GPRO has nothing to do with the GPRO in KLSE, although they have exactly the same listing name.) This was announced at 17:05, 30 June 2014 (i.e. after market closed). Seeing this as a positive sentiment for the share, the share of GPRO rose during after hours trading:

(Picture taken from Nasdaq.com)


30 June 2014, 4:00 p.m. price: 40.55 (normal trading hours)
30 June 2014, 8:00 p.m. price: 42.15 (after hours trading)
Change: 3.95%


30 June 2014, 4:00 p.m. price: 40.55 (normal trading hours)
1 Junly 2014, 7:30 a.m. price: 43.37 (pre-market trading)
Change: 6.95%


The price movement will continue until the market opens. Therefore, after hours trading and pre-market trading provides a very good indicator on how the market reacts to the news, and a good insight of the price once the market opens as normal. 

Extended hours tradings give investors to trade at a flexible time. It can also serve as the time to "digest" the news just announced by companies. In addition, for pre-market trading, it can reflect the conditions in other markets, especially EU markets since EU markets start earlier than US markets.


Last but not least, some facts about extended hours trading:
  • they are REAL trading, requires both buyer and seller for a transaction to match (in US, filled is used instead of matched).
  • All stocks listed in NYSE, NASDAQ and AMEX companies can be traded in extended hours trading. 
  • Only for stock trading, does not include options.
  • A lower extended hours trading activity (lower volume) will result in a wider spread (i.e. a larger difference between bid and ask price. Again, in US they use bid and ask instead of buy and sell.) 
  • Share price change, i.e. % change is still calculated based on closed price during normal trading hours. Chart only shows the price movement during normal trading hours.
  • You can view the most active, most advanced and most decline for after hours trading on Nasdaq.com
I hope you have an idea what is extended hours trading now after reading this.

Saturday, 14 June 2014

NYSE: AMD analysis

AMD shares closed with 2 white candles with relatively high volume on 10 and 11 June. On these two days, there is no apparent reasons why the shares moved with volume. One day later, the news revealed.

Headline: AMD reorganizes (MarketWatch) which states the plan of the company to consolidate some of its business segments and appointed a new chief operating officer. Another news concerns about its rival, Intel (INTC) which loses appeal against record $1.43 billion EU fine (MarketWatch). I think AMD didn't earn any money from this, but morally, is a good news that push AMD share.

On 12 June, the share opened higher @ 4.33, trading high @ 4.44, but closed @ 4.29. A newbie technical chart:


The share has just broken its upper Bollinger Band (BB), with volume. This is a good sign for the share price. A black candle on 12 Jun, could it be a "washing" process? Not sure, still fumbling in US markets. Let's see what happens in the next few weeks.

Back in 2006, AMD bought over ATI (Engadget), a big move by the company at that time. Since then, the company has shaped its future direction, to combine a CPU with graphics technology into one single chip, known as APU (Accelerated Processing Unit). I like this idea. By now, more and more APUs are being installed on laptops, easily observed when you walk into a computer shop. In gaming console areas, XBox One is using AMD APUs too. You can find chips made by AMD in personal computers, tablets, game consoles and cloud servers as well.


If the direction of APU is right, it could be very rewarding in years to come. 

Sunday, 1 June 2014

US markets hit record high (consistently?)

I wonder how 1 month can fly in a blink of eye -- I didn't notice this at all until I checked my last post. I was just too obsessed with my stuffs, and I realized I shouldn't.

Now, US markets closed at new high is not new anymore. Let's have some statistics.

Dow Jones Industrial Average(DJIA):
 31 Dec 2013: Record high close of 16576, see related news 
 4   Apr 2014: Hit an intraday historical high of 16631, see here
 30 Apr 2014: Closed at record high, at 16580
 9  May 2014: Close of 16,583.34 narrowly topped the previous record, less than 2 weeks ago
12 May 2014: Continues from last Friday, closed at historical high again, at 16695
13 May 2014: Continued the rally, closed above 16700 for the first time, at 16715
30 May 2014: Another record high, 16717, see related news

S&P 500 is another key index in US markets, have a similar trend too. closed at 1923 last Friday, a fresh record in the history, see Wall Street Journal.

How about NASDAQ? Nasdaq closed at 14-year high of 4357 at 5 Mar 2014. Media cannot use a record high for NASDAQ, because its record high was set in 2000 during the dot.com bubble, where NASDAQ soared above 5000 before collapsing. Is NASDAQ actually heading to another rally?

Now, how about Bursa Malaysia? It remains as boring as it can be, as usual. Bursa also closed at a record high of 1887 on 19 May 2014. A 1900 seems to be so close, and so far. Will Bursa breaks the history as well? If it really does, I hope it comes with volume.

Saturday, 19 April 2014

NYSE&NASDAQ: What is buy to open, buy to close, sell to open and sell to close?

When you are on your first time to trade options, you may be baffled by the choice of transactions:

buy to open (BTO), sell to close (STC), sell to open (STO), buy to close (BTC)

First time seeing this: what the heck are these? How come buying something can close something (buy to close)? How come selling something is to open something (sell to open)?

In stock transactions, there is only buy and sell, which is already self-explaining. But for options, because you have the right to buy or sell, every time when you want to OPEN a position, you need to choose if you were to OPEN a BUY or SELL position, i.e. buy/sell refers to the transaction you would like to make, whereas open/close refers to your position, whether you would like to open or close your position.

Assuming that currently you do not hold any open position (i.e. do not hold any options):

i) when you want to buy a call or put options, you choose BUY TO OPEN. When your transaction is matched, then you will have an open position. This open position will then required to be closed on or before expiration, e.g. if you wish to close earlier, then you choose SELL TO CLOSE, since you are SELLING your options and at the same time CLOSING the position.

ii) when you are selling a call or put options, you choose SELL TO OPEN. Then you will have a some kind of equivalent "short" position, e.g. when you sell 10 contracts, you will have -10 contracts for that options. You will then require to CLOSE the position by BUYING back, i.e. BUY TO CLOSE.

In short, if you were to commence a new trade, and you wish to be the buyer, then you choose BUY TO OPEN. Otherwise, if you want to be a seller, then you choose SELL TO OPEN. 

Hope this thread will clear the doubts of many options beginners, as I was also confused by these terms at first.


Friday, 14 February 2014

NYSE: Selling call options: some basic stuffs

This time is the seller of call options. Selling options will always earn you premium, as you get the chance to be the "insurance company", as if collecting premium from buyers who wish to protect their shares. 
Case 1: Out of money

Buy: AMD JanWk5 3.5
Strike price = $ 3.5
Expired date = 31 Jan 2014
Cost: 0.13/options = 0.02*1000 = $ 20 + ($ 15.35 brokerage)
AMD cloased at 31 Jan 2014 = $ 3.43

AMD @ 30 Jan 2014 = $ 3.45. It has little chance to close above $ 3.50, hence the premium is very small. At the expired day, AMD closed below strike price, so premium was collected free by call seller.

Case 2: In the money

Buy: AMD JanWk5 3
Strike price = $ 3.5
Expired date = 31 Jan 2014
Cost: 0.13/options = 045*1000 = $ 450 + ($ 15.35 brokerage)

Call options is in the money at the expired date, i.e. call options will be exercised. I am required to sell the share @ $ 3 to the call options buyer. If I will to buy back immediately, this will cause me a loss of $ (3-3.43) = - $ 0.43 / share. But I collected premium from selling the call. So is a different story.

Based on yesterday closed price of $ 3.70, if I buy back to close my position, my net loss will be:

+ $ 450 - $ 3000 + $ 3700 = - $ 250.

There is something known as Sell Covered Call, which is pretty common in options. Covered here means that you own the mother share, and at the same time, selling call options to earn premium. If the shares go down, the premium collected will be yours. If the share rises, you still earn from having the upside of the mother share. This looks to be a good deal, although still need some time to have a deeper look on it.

Wednesday, 12 February 2014

NYSE: Buying call options: basic things to know

2 cases of call options are considered:

1. in the money: A call options is in the money when share price > strike price (opposite to put)
2. out of money: A call options is out of money when share price < strike price

Case 1: Out of money

Buy: BAC JanWk5 17
 (NYSE: BAC, Bank of America Corp)
Strike price = $ 17
Expired date = 31 Jan 2014
Cost: 0.13/options = 0.06*1000 = $ 60 + ($ 15.35 brokerage)
MSFT cloased at 31 Jan 2014 = $ 16.75

BAC price at 30 Jan 2014 = $ 16.93. As a call options buyer, I anticipate the share price to be higher than $ 17 on the expired date. This did not happen, so my premium is collected by the seller. The call options expires worthless.

Case 2: In the money

Buy: BAC JanWk5 16
Strike price = $ 16
Cost: 0.13/options = 0.87*1000 = $ 870 + ($ 15.35 brokerage)

This call options is most probably to be in the money, as BAC share price is higher than the strike price. Essentially, I paid a premium of  $ (16 + 0.87 - 16.81) / $ 16.81 = 0.4% as compared to buying the mother share directly. This is very much similar to buying call warrants, however, call warrants in Malaysia are all cash settlements, i.e. does not have the option to convert to mother share. 

Note: $ 16.81 is BAC opening price on 30 Jan 2014.

On 31 Jan 2014, this call options was exercised, so I can buy BAC mother share @ $ 16. 

BAC closed @ $ 16.72 on 10 Feb 2014. If I sell the mother share yesterday @ $ 16.71, I would make a profit of 0.71/share from the mother share = $ 710.

Then my net profit is
 = - $ 870 (call options) - 16000 (stock assignment @  $ 16/share) + 16710 + (brokerage)
= - $ 150

If I wouldn't want to incur any loss, I can hold BAC to wait the share price to go up until it breaks even my cost.

Wednesday, 29 January 2014

Put options fundamentals: part 2 (end)

21 Jan 2014 is the fiscal date for AMD, announcing the financial results for Q4 2013. US companies are given one month to announce financial results, while Malaysia companies are given 2 months. The environment in Malaysia is really "senang" (relax), typical Malaysian style, I like it.

For the year 2013, AMD suffers a net loss of 83M or loss per share of $0.11. Refer to NYSE Press Release for details.


On 22 Jan 2014, AMD gap down with huge volume, after announcing a worse-than-expected financial results. Oh, this is the same as in Malaysia too. Gap down after a bad financial result, as what happended to ZHULIAN recently.

AMD chart
AMD Chart

AMD put options Jan wk 4 2014
AMD Put Option @  $4, Jan wk 4 2014


Put options has opposite trend against the mother share. As AMD price goes down, put options will have a higher value, and vice versa, as shown in the above figure.

24 Jan 2014 is the expiration day for this option. Both NYSE and NASDAQ suffered losses of about 2%, quite a huge loss in single day. AMD closed at $3.47, well below the strike price of $4. Since the price is below the strike price, put options buyer will definitely exercise his/her rights to sell
the share @ $4 to me. (e.g. imagine you hold an insurance policy (options buyer), that accident happens to you some day (touch wood), for sure you will claim from the insurance company (options seller))

put options exercised

Last row shows my sell transaction, that the premium I gained.
2nd row shows that AMD share was assigned to me @ $4/share. I have to buy it at this price. Since the mother share is trading @ $3.47, this means that I incur a loss of 0.53*1000 = 530 IMMEDIATELY.
1st row is to close my options position.

This means that my net loss in this trade is: 190-530 = -$340

If, say, I do not want to hold AMD share. I can opt to buy the put options to close my position. The put options closed at $ 0.56 on 24 Jan 2016. This means that I have to pay 0.56*1000 = 560 to buy back the put options.

In this case, my net loss is 190 - 560 = -$370

Is almost LPPL (i.e. almost the same). Of course, seeing that AMD plunged few days before the expiry date, I could have bought the put options to close my positions way earlier, to limit my loss. Another choice is to hold AMD until it recovers. But the catch for this is that my money will be locked in the share. Whatever decisions to make is dependent heavily on the capital, and this must be determined before executing the transaction.  

Sunday, 26 January 2014

Put options fundamentals: part 1

In options, you have the choice to be the buyer or seller. I believe this is exactly how this financial derivative obtained its name, because you have the choice to opt.

There are lots of internationally well-known companies listed on US market, e.g. AMD. I like this company, because I did my industrial attachment there. AMD (NYSE: AMD), microchips manufacturers, Intel's competitors. Without AMD, computer markets will be monopolized by one company, and we will not have affordable computers to use.

Call is the financial term meaning "going up", i.e. when you buy call warrant, you expect the share price to go up. Put is the opposite of call. One will buy put options if he/she thinks that the share price will fall below a specified price in a particular time frame. When one sells put option, he/she think the other way round, i.e. the price wouldn't fall below the strike price. 

I sold AMD put options on 17 Jan 2014.

Options sold: 1000
Price: $0.19/option
Strike price = $ 4 (strike price = exercise price in Malaysia)
Expire on: 24 Jan 2014

Note: AMD closed at $ 4.18 as at 17 Jan 2014. This price is above the strike price, i.e. the put options should have zero value if AMD stays above $4 at 24 Jan 2014. The premium (i.e. $0.19/option) is due to the buyer thinks that in 1 week time, AMD could potentially fall below $4. Being the options seller, I think that AMD wouldn't fall below $4 in 1 week time. 

This contract implies that:

1. I will get a premium of $ 0.19*1000 = $190
   Total sell = 0.19*1000 = $ 190
   Brokerage fee = $ 15.36
   Net premium gain = 190 - 15.36 = $ 174.64
   N.B.: In selling put options, a portion of your capital will be locked, to ensure that you have the money to purchase the mother share should the option buyer exercise his/her rights.

2. If, until 24 Jan 2014, AMD stays above S4, then the premium I got from selling the put options will be my free money. Put options buyer paid $190 to protect his/herself until 24 Jan 2014. Options buyer pay a premium to protect the mother share from falling. This is analogous to insurance, where you (options buyer) pay a premium to the insurance company (options seller). If nothing happen to you (i.e. stock price did not fall below the strike price), the premium will be free money to the seller. If something happens to you (i.e. stock price falls below the strike price), you can exercise your right to claim from the insurance company (i.e. seller).

3. Should AMD go below $4 before 24 Jan 2014, say $3.5, then the put options buyer can exercise his/her rights to buy the share at $3.5/share, and sell it at $4/share. But at that time AMD is trading at $3.5, who will pay $4 to buy the share? The put options seller. This is the obligations tied to the options seller, i.e. in this case, the "insurance" works, the buyer can claim money from the insurance company (options seller)

[to be continued]

Thursday, 23 January 2014

NYSE: from options to mother share

Few months ago I did some virtual trades on options. One of the trade, due to a lower share price than the strike price, I was forced to buy the mother share at a higher price, the share is Bank of America Corp (BAC). See options exercised. But even if I have the mother share, incurring a loss at the time of conversion, I can hold the share until it is over my option strike price, i.e. purchase price of $15.

Now, BAC is trading at $17/share. This means that if I hold the share until now I can still earn money from this.

BAC

The above trade is virtual money. So i can "sai lang" as I like. Note that 1 contract in options = 100 shares. And the ratio to mother share is 1:1. So if I sell 5 contracts, then I have 500 shares of BAC options.

In selling options, you must be prepared to hold the mother share, if the buyer exercises his/her rights. For a good stock, I don't really mind holding it. However, one catch for this is your money will be locked when you sell options. But just like this case, even tough the options was being exercised, I can hold the mother share until the price has gone up, e.g. $17 in this case, not a bad return for 4 months.

Appendix:  BAC chart from yahoo finance


Monday, 12 August 2013

NYSE: Options being excercised

Options exercised后,买 put option 权利把 options 变成母股。这样只要目前股价 < strike price,都是值得的。



BAC put options


比如上面,我8月2了 put options,premium 130左右。但是的 put options strike price 是 15,可是上个星期到期日时候 BAC (Bank of America Corporation) 股价才 14.45。BAC Share Price.意思就是 put options 的 buyer 可以用 14.45 股票,然后用 15 我。必须以 strike price 股票。所以户口出现 500 unit  BAC 母股。

当然,立刻母股价差。算上卖 premium的,还是不过,手上握有 BAC 母股,随时可以翻盘。

Friday, 9 August 2013

NYSE: Options 学习中

刚刚把上个星期卖得put options close 掉了。

Put options MSFT

8月5日我做seller,卖 MSFT 的 put options。MSFT,就是 Microsoft。当天的 MSFT 母股是大约是 31.80.

我这个 options 到期日是8月16日,strike price 31.意思就是股价跌过31,我亏钱。当天我的卖价是0.17. 买掉后,我会得到premium,从买家手上拿到的premium。

刚刚看到MSFT涨了,我卖掉的put options就跌了。因为我之前卖掉,所以理论上我必须买回来close position。如果不买也可以等到到期自动close。但是万一到期MSFT母股有什么三长两短我就必须用更高的价钱买回我的options。只要当时的价钱高过0.17(我的卖家),我就是亏钱。

而刚刚我用0.08的价钱买回来。所以1股赚了0.09.

事实上,MSFT 昨天的股价波动很大:(资料来源:Yahoo Finance

MSFT Aug 2013

昨天的股价曾经下探 USD 31,也就是我options 的 strike price。所以昨天我打开虚拟账户的时候户口是大亏的,因为昨天options的价钱最高来到0.34:

MSFT Options Aug13

最后第二根红蜡烛,就是2013年8月7日的。中间来到0.34的高价,超过我卖价的一倍。如果那时候我买回来 buy to close, 立刻亏50%。还好MSFT的股价昨天闭市收盘高,所以昨天的options闭市时0.12。今天开始options直接下探0.08,我就close position了。

美股波动很大。得慢慢摸索。

Wednesday, 7 August 2013

NYSE: Options 基本研究

近期离开马股的意念萌生,主要原因是对令吉失去信心。突然觉得学会金融知识真的很重要。在学校那么多年,什么财务知识都没有在课堂上教过。要不是有机缘让我接触投资,恐怕到现在还是什么都不懂,还傻傻的把钱放在银行,让他继续贬值。

Options,中文选择权。东西2学过。过后不了了之。最近大马货币实在担心。继续存在马币,到时候1nasi lemak,的,RM 1那种,不要RM 10 那么难听,RM 5不知道得到吗?


选择权,或者期权,就是可以选择的。可以选择买卖。这里来个最简单的介绍。选择权可以买可以卖。就是说你可以做散户,也可以做庄家。Call warrant你只可以买而已,卖的call warrant的人都是银行来的,银行做庄。

Options 这种金融衍生产品当然是美国开始的。美国最厉害这种东西了。Options 分 call 和 put。和马股的 call 和 put warrant意思一样。买call就是看涨,买put就是看跌。你可以 buy call/buy put/sell call/sell put,任你玩。

在马来西亚买家卖家叫 buy sell。在美国叫 bid ask。我还是喜欢马来西亚的叫法。

来个超级菜鸟的 sell option 虚拟交易:


sell put option AAPL

2013年8月1日我sell AAPL 的put option。AAPL,大家都知道的APPLE,在美国NASDAQ交易。卖价0.72.Strike price (exercise price)是 USD 450. 

这种情况,就如call warrant,会有2个case:

1.options到期前,AAPl股价跌过 450
那么put option buyer可以用跌过450的股价买股票(i.e. market price at that time),然后用450的价钱卖给我。

2.到期时股价超过 450,那么options buyer不会exercise 那个options,所以我所卖掉的 premium就是白赚。

图中的options到期日是8月2日。当天AAPl闭市462.见 YAHOO Finance

超过我的strike price。所以我卖掉option的钱是白赚的。当然,系统会自动帮我close position(buy to close)。

这些是基本的options只是。改天再写别的。