Tuesday, 21 July 2015

KL: Call warrant analysis

Recently, MYEG touched a low of RM 2.40 on 16-6-2015 and a high of RM 3.03 on 2-7-2015 in 2 weeks time, equivalent to a ~26% return. If you leverage your capital by trading call warrants instead of the mother share, what would be your return then?

MYEG trend

Call warrant^ Low High Return
MYEG-CD* 0.340 0.480 41.2%
MYEG-CG* 0.190 0.325 71.1%
MYEG-CH 0.185 0.320 73.0%
MYEG-CI* 0.030 0.105 250%
MYEG-CJ 0.080 0.200 150%
MYEG-CK 0.060 0.145 142%
MYEG-CL 0.075 0.160 113%

* MYEG-CD,CG and CI expire on July, September and August 2015 respectively.
^ MYEG-CM was issued after 16-6-2015 and hence it was not included here.

The above table summarizes the return for MYEG call warrants. Based on How to choose a call warrant, the first priority is that the mother share must possess strong fundamental. For this criterion, MYEG is a no-brainer.

Next, look for the maturity date. This means that CD, CG and CI will be out of my sight. While CI secured the highest return in 2 weeks time, this is not a risk that I would take.

Then, look for the premium, gearing and volume. CH was good back then, but its gearing is comparatively low now, meaning a lower risk and lower return/loss. For a higher gearing, both CJ and CK are satisfying all criteria. As CJ has a lower exercise price and a lower conversion ratio, if I were to trade, CJ will be my pick. It turned out that CJ is indeed the best choice. It wouldn't be too hard to choose a call warrant in this way.

Another handy information is that we can actually know how much these call warrants were held by the issuer at the end of each month. If you go to Bursa Malaysia website > Listed companies > structured warrants. In the announcement category choose "Issuers' announcement", you will see this type of announcement:



You will see that for MYEG-CJ, 64.68% of warrants are not held by the bank, i.e., a huge portion of warrants are held by other people. It may be big fish or retail investors. Either way, when the bank is no longer the market maker, the buy/sell queue volume will be low (e.g., from 5000 lots per bid to 1000 per bid) and this provides another criteria to choosing a call warrant.

While call warrant could bring you high returns in short time, it is a double-edged sword product. It can accelerate your capital growth or completely ruin your financial dream. My principle is to only trade call warrants with strong fundamentals mother share. INARI is an example, MYEG is another. Call warrant for shares like KNM, no matter how attractive they are, will be completely blind to me.

Saturday, 11 July 2015

2015 Q2 Review

The total transaction in this quarter was very high, probably the highest in my history.

My portfolio reached a pinnacle on 23rd Apr, which have declined since then as KLCI has been dropping continuously. Indulging myself in insatiable greed, I saw many counters that I hold turned from green to red, from earning to losing. AWC and PRIVA are only a fraction of examples. I experience the highs and lows of the rise and fall in my portfolio, feeling completely numb about the change in numbers.

The transaction involving call warrant in this quarter has far exceeded the total call warrant transaction for the past 4.5 years. After all these years, I have finally felt comfortable to trade call warrant. The experience is: taking profit on call warrant is way too important. You can't hang on to call warrant like the way I used to do with a mother share. When you see a reverse trend, it is time to sell regardless of the return.

Going to the end of June, the Greece drama and the possibility of a downgrade in Malaysia credit rating have proven that my own insight into the market was right. This marks a great advance in my investment life: to be able to insist on my own view and not being swayed by the others. Yet I know that I still have a long way to go, for having zero experience in a real bearish market.

The investment return will remain undisclosed since now.

Thursday, 9 July 2015

News by media, view by myself (end)

Writing this, I couldn't help but to recall about past experience of "big drop", i.e. Oct 2014. Last October, there was no sign prior to dropping, and the US stock market touched a bottom on 15-16 Oct 2014.

DJI Oct 2014

Then, in the mid of dropping, came the news:

16 Oct 2014:
Dow suffers largest mid-day drop in THREE YEARS as Ebola fears

16 Oct 2014:
Anxiety about Ebola

When the stock market started to plummet, there was no sign and no news. Then, the news came out. The "timing" of the news couldn't have been more "accurate". I still remember vividly how every media was reporting the fear of widespread of Ebola, including a future projection of Ebola cases of how it will become an epidemic. Interestingly, do you still see coverage of Ebola now? It is miraculously disappear from the media. I was scared at that time and learnt a big lesson, I am not buying any story since then.

The current Greece drama is amusing. In my own view, there will be no "Grexit" (how interesting can English evolve!), not now. Time will unfold this soon.

The crux of this series of blog is no more than this: the media has been highly manipulated, and trading by news will bring you nowhere but losses (Holland). While it is not easy to do the opposite when everybody is selling fearfully, it certainly pays off, sooner or later, if you can think and act independently at those critical moments.

PS: A question to ponder -- now almost everyone is talking about the potential of US to raise the interest rate. While raising interest rate will be detrimental to the stock market, will this happen when everyone is expecting the same?

Saturday, 4 July 2015

News by media, view by myself (part 3)

Example 3: Index -- KLCI

This example is interesting.

Prior to 30th Jun 2015, there were rumours about a possibility of downgrade in Malaysia credit rating by Fitch. First the earliest rumour was during March published in Bloomborg: Fitch Sees More Than 50% Odds of Malaysia Downgrade on 1MDB. Since then, KLCI has been declining continuously.

Next, the "drama" has come to the point where a review will be completed by the end of June. When the due date is approaching, more negatives news about a possible downgrade since 1998 were released, causing fears in the market sentiment.

Now the review outcome was announced. As reported in The Edge, Fitch has maintained Malaysia rating at A- and upgraded the outlook from "negative" to "stable". This is in sharp contrast to the market's expectation.

What now? What did the news tell you prior to the outcome? The coverage was all about a high possibility of downgrade. What will you do if you trust the media? Knowing that the stock market would plummet, you would sell all, hold cash or buy put warrant. However what actually happened was on 1st July 2015, KLCI gained more than 20 points, something that you don't see for at least 6 months. 

What about myself? I don't buy any of this news. Think about this:

1. If they really want to downgrade, will they let you know in advance so that you have time to sell? Frankly, although Malaysia is a "commonwealth" country, but "wealth" is not meant to be "common" in reality.

2. Even if there will be a downgrade, provided that the media were covering this, the effect would have been "adsorbed" by the market since then, and the opposite trend may happen just like the case of AUD:USD.

3. Seriously, who cares about Malaysia rating? Perhaps they couldn't care less about this.

This comes from experience though. After reading all rumours, I recalled what happened in August 2011 where US was downgraded without any preceding news. That did cause a small bear in the global market. You will have no time to sell should there be a “real downgrade". This is why I know there would be no downgrade. However I did not dare to all in when the market dropped, but this is still better than previously where I just followed other people to panic sell.

[to be continued]